The most attractive archaeological discovery in the world
Guanghan, called Luoxian and Hanzhou in ancient times, is situated in the northern part of the Chengdu Plain, 22km from Chengdu , the capital of SichuanProvince . Being an important and famous city of Sichuan, it enjoys a long history , fertile soil and abundant produce , and has given birh to many well-known personnels. The world-known Sanxingdui Ruins are located by the YaziheRiver, 6km west of the GuanghanCity.
The Sanxingdui Ruins cover a total area of 12 square km, whose central part used to be an ancient city surrounded by city walls in the east , west and south. The city was broader in the south and narrower in the north with an area of about 3 square km, larger than the Shang Dynasty city of Zhengzhou of the same time and ranking among the tops in the country at that time . On the axis of the ancient city were dispersed four terraces, namely, Sanxingdui(Three Star Mound), Yueliangwan(MoonBeach), Zhenwugong and Xiquankan. A number of important relics and sacrificial pits were located on this axis , showing that the place was the site of the ancient city with the city walls as its support and protective screen.
In 1930s—40s, bothChinese and foreign archaeologists bean to carry out excavations and studies in Sanxingdui . In 1950s–60s archaeologists from Sichuan persevered in their work there. Especially after 1980s large-scaled excavatons were started and finally two sacrificial pits (No.1 and No.2)were found successively . The two pits were orderly built, filled up and made even by ramming. In the pits were stuffed in layers various kinds of jadewares, bronze human statues and ivories etc. All these relics used to be the holy images, sacrificial instruments and sacrifiial offerings in the ancestral temples. The hundreds of cultural relics unearthed from the sacrificial pits are a concentrated embodiment of the Sanxingdui culture at its zenith and prove to be world-known Culture creams. The cultural relics and artifacts of Sanxingdui, unique in forms and making,are ont only the first discoverys in Sichuan but also very rare in the country. They are reputed as “the most attactive archaeological discoverys in the world”.
The identification of the ancient city of Sanxingdui has unveiled the mystery of the history and clearly revealed to the people the glory of the ancient capital of the Shu Kings, and it once again proves that the place was once a glorious centre of civilization in the ancient east. Numerous archaeological materials prove that Sanxingdui civilization as an outstanding representative of the Chinese ancient civilization on the uppe reaches of the Yangtze River warrants eloquently once more the source of the Chinese civilization to be an organic whole of pluralism . It has made up an important cultural gap in the evolutionary development of the Chinese culture and as an ancient pearl displayed by colonization, it also occupies its place in the history of world civilization and human development.